The Worlds largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic caldera is mainly open grassland with a seasonal salt lake in the centre of the crater is renowned for most of the animal species found in East Africa. Approximately 25,000 large animals live in the crater including black rhinoceros, hippopotamus, wildebeest, zebra, eland, gazelles, servals and the prized crater lions.More information
Official Name: United Republic of Tanzania
Population: 45 Million
Land Area: 947,000 square KM
Capital: Dodoma (420,000) but Dar es Salaam is the largest with 4.3 Million
Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS) TZS100 = AUD 6 cents (converted 01 September 2016) US currency is required for Visa but can also be appreciated as tips.
Time: 3 hours ahead of GMT
Language: Swahili and English are the official languages
Schooling: Education is compulsory for seven years until children reach the age of 15 years but most children do not attend school this long if at all. Child labour is common in Tanzania and more common with girls rather than boys.
Parliament: One party dominant state
Agriculture: Maize dominates much of the country with cassava, rice, millet, sorghum and coffee also grown
Key Industries: Agriculture accounts for more than 25% GDP, Tanzania has a vast amount of minerals including gold, diamonds, coal, iron, uranium, nickel, chromium, tin, platinum, coltan, niobium, natural gas
Health Tips: Annual policy, please commence 27 July 2015 Malaria is present in some areas of Tanzania so it is recommended you consult your doctor or specialist travel clinic for latest advise as it changes regularly. Tap water in the cities is generally considered safe to drink, however bottled water is only about AUD1.10 for 1.5 litre at the markets. For up to date advice refer to http://www.smartraveller.gov.au
Geography & Climate: Tanzania has a tropical climate, in the highlands temperatures range between 10 – 20 degrees Celsius year round. The rest of the country rarely falls lower than 20 degrees Celsius. The hottest season is November – February and coolest between May – August. The rainy season is generally October – April.
Tanzania is mountainous in the northeast where Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa is situated. The largest lake in Africa, Lake Victoria lies to the Northwest with the deepest lake in Africa, Lake Tanganyika in the northwest too. Many other lakes are scattered throughout, like Lake Manyara. Leopards and lions are known to lounge in the trees at Lake Manyara National Park while not hunting for prey, is also home to the flamingos in the wet season. Central Tanzania is a large plateau with plains and arable land with many large and ecologically significant wildlife parks and reserves including Ngorongoro Conservation Area which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is unique as it protects wildlife while allowing human habitation, primarily the Masai. The Worlds largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic caldera is mainly open grassland with a seasonal salt lake in the centre of the crater is renowned for most of the animal species found in East Africa. Approximately 25,000 large animals live in the crater including black rhinoceros, hippopotamus, wildebeest, zebra, eland, gazelles, servals and the prized crater lions.
The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the Zanzibar Archipelago just off shore.
Tanzania has a considerable wildlife habitat, including much of the Serengeti plain, where white-bearded wildebeest and other bovines participate in a large scale annual migration. It home to 130 amphibian and over 275 reptile species as well as the threatened Lesser Flamingo which nest in the Sal marshes of many of the lakes in Tanzania. Stunning sunsets over the vast Serengeti plains and wildlife is what Tanzania is all about, as well as the renowned Ngorongoro Crater which is the idyllic setting to do some spectacular animal viewing. Gaze at Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa, with its snow capped peaks, then be transported to the paradise island of Zanzibar – with its palm lined white sandy beaches and exotic spice plantations and markets.