Visit the worlds largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic caldera is mainly open grassland with a seasonal salt lake in the centre of the crater is renowned for most of the animal species found in East Africa. Approximately 25,000 large animals live in the crater including black rhinoceros, hippopotamus, wildebeest, zebra, eland, gazelles, servals and the prized crater lions.More information
Official Name: United Republic of Tanzania
Population: 45 Million
Land Area: 947,000 square KM
Capital: Dodoma (420,000) but Dar es Salaam is the largest with 4.3 Million
Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS) AUD 1 = TZS 1572.95 (Tanzanian Shilling; calculated 18 June 2019). US Dollars are accepted as tips and required if using VISA.
Time: 3 hours ahead of GMT
Language: Swahili and English are the official languages
Schooling: Education is compulsory for seven years until children reach the age of 15 years but most children do not attend school this long if at all. Child labour is common in Tanzania and more common with girls rather than boys.
Parliament: One party dominant state
Agriculture: Maize dominates much of the country with cassava, rice, millet, sorghum and coffee also grown
Key Industries: Agriculture accounts for more than 25% GDP, Tanzania has a vast amount of minerals including gold, diamonds, coal, iron, uranium, nickel, chromium, tin, platinum, coltan, niobium, natural gas
Health Tips: Malaria is present in some areas of Tanzania so it is recommended you consult your doctor or specialist travel clinic for latest advise as it changes regularly. Tap water in the cities is generally considered safe to drink, however bottled water is only about AUD1.10 for 1.5 litre at the markets. For up to date advice refer to http://www.smartraveller.gov.au
Geography & Climate: Tanzania has a tropical climate, in the highlands temperatures range between 10 – 20 degrees Celsius year round. The rest of the country rarely falls lower than 20 degrees Celsius. The hottest season is November – February and coolest between May – August. The rainy season is generally October – April.
Tanzania is mountainous in the northeast where Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa is situated. The largest lake in Africa, Lake Victoria lies to the Northwest with the deepest lake in Africa, Lake Tanganyika in the northwest too. Many other lakes are scattered throughout, like Lake Manyara. Leopards and lions are known to lounge in the trees at Lake Manyara National Park while not hunting for prey, is also home to the flamingos in the wet season. Central Tanzania is a large plateau with plains and arable land with many large and ecologically significant wildlife parks and reserves including Ngorongoro Conservation Area which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is unique as it protects wildlife while allowing human habitation, primarily the Masai. The Worlds largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic caldera is mainly open grassland with a seasonal salt lake in the centre of the crater is renowned for most of the animal species found in East Africa. Approximately 25,000 large animals live in the crater including black rhinoceros, hippopotamus, wildebeest, zebra, eland, gazelles, servals and the prized crater lions.
The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the Zanzibar Archipelago just off shore.
Tanzania has a considerable wildlife habitat, including much of the Serengeti plain, where white-bearded wildebeest and other bovines participate in a large scale annual migration. It home to 130 amphibian and over 275 reptile species as well as the threatened Lesser Flamingo which nest in the salt marshes of many of the lakes in Tanzania. Stunning sunsets over the vast Serengeti plains and wildlife is what Tanzania is all about, as well as the renowned Ngorongoro Crater which is the idyllic setting to do some spectacular animal viewing. Gaze at Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa, with its snow capped peaks, then be transported to the paradise island of Zanzibar – with its palm lined white sandy beaches and exotic spice plantations and markets.
Plastic Bag Ban with effect from 1st June 2019:
All plastic carrier bags, regardless of their thickness will be prohibited from being imported, exported, manufactured, sold, stored, supplied and used in Mainland Tanzania. Convicted offenders, including tourists, can face very heavy fines, imprisonment for up to two years, or both. Visitors to Tanzania are advised to avoid carrying plastic carrier bags or packing plastic carrier bags or items in plastic carrier bags in the suitcase or hand luggage before embarking on visit to Tanzania. Special desk will be designated at all entry points for surrender of plastics carrier bags that visitors may be bringing into Tanzania. Items purchased at the airport before boarding the aircraft should be removed from plastic bags. Plastics carrier items known as “ziploc bags” that are specifically used to carry toiletries will be permitted as they are expected to remain in the permanent possession of visitors and are not expected to be disposed in the country.
TOP RATED TOURIST ATTRACTIONS:
SERENGETI NATIONAL PARK – Tanzania’s second largest national park but probably the most famous as it attracts not only millions of wildebeest, zebra and gazelle on their impressive annual pilgrimage to search for fresh grasslands and birthing places – called the annual wildlife migration. This natural wonderland also attracts tens of thousands of tourist per year. The best months for wildlife viewing in the Serengeti National Park are between June – September which is also the coolest time to travel.
ZANZIBAR ISLAND – Tanzania’s spice island is steeped in history from the slave and spice trading eras. The perfect escape to relax and recoup after an exciting safari. Ruled by Africans, Portuguese, Arabs, English and the German Empire has created an interesting history with unique forts and buildings to explore – step back in time and walk through narrow streets of Stone Town and whitewashed houses, markets, mosques and shops.
NGORONGORO CONSERVATION AREA – one of Africa’s seven natural wonders. This is a must stop on the way to/from Serengeti and/or Lake Manyara AND you just must stay on the craters edge for a spectacular view. This perfectly formed caldera was created three million years ago by a massive imploding super volcano. It is now a micro climate and permanent home to 500 bird species and 25,000 permanent African animals including the rhino and the Big Five! The Great Wildebeest Migration passes through here during the months of December to March, but its great all year around with fantastic predator-prey interactions to be witnessed on a game safari.
LAKE MANYARA – This national park is mainly covered by a large shallow alkaline lake where the Flamingo, Stalks and Eagles reside. It is also a safe haven for Rhino, very large baboon colonies as well as tree-climbing lions are often spotted here. With the lake and bird life in the backdrop, this makes for wonderful action packed wildlife photos. Both day and night safaris are a great ways to see the different animals here.
SELOUS GAME RESERVE – staggering numbers of savanna wildlife can be found in this remote off the beaten track game reserve. Due to stringent regulations, no permanent habitation is permitted within its boundaries, making wildlife virtually undisturbed – a magical place for walking tours, game drives and river trips. Both land and water based game viewing can be done here without spotting another sole. It is also one of the best places to see the rare and elusive African wild dogs.
RUAHA NATIONAL PARK – Tanzania’s largest park, is remotely located in the middle of Tanzania. Access is normally via bush flight (light aircraft) which limits tourists making it a great place to spot wildlife without competing with hordes of other visitors. You will find spectacular gorges, majestic trees and wildlife and birds (many not found in other areas of Tanzania) on the banks of the Ruaha River – the life force of the Ruaha NP. This untouched wilderness is filled with unusually large lion prides, leopards, zebra, antelope, large concentrations of elephant as well as African wild dogs and so much more.